Khalid ibn al-Walid Hero of Ridda wars

Khalid ibn al-Walid is consider as Hero of Ridda wars. These were a tumultuous period in the early years of Islam, characterized by rebellious Arabian tribes challenging the nascent Muslim community following the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632. Amidst the chaos, a remarkable figure emerged: Khalid bin Walid, a …

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Khalid bin Walid and Battle of Mutah

Introduction The Battle of Mutah, which took place in September 629, marked a crucial moment for the Muslim army’s survival. Facing a formidable Byzantine army and their Arab allies, Khalid bin Walid played a pivotal role in leading and protecting the Muslims. His strategic thinking, bravery, and leadership skills were …

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Al-Biruni’s Journey: Exploring the Crossroads of Central Asia and Persia

Introduction In the early 11th century, Al-Biruni embarked on a remarkable expedition through the ancient lands of Central Asia and Persia. His travels took him across vast territories that are now Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, and Afghanistan. This part of his travelogue unveils a tapestry of diverse cultures, vibrant civilizations, …

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Al-Biruni: The Accomplishments and Contributions of a Renowned Muslim Scholar

Abstract This research paper explores the life, accomplishments, and contributions of Al-Biruni, a prominent Muslim scholar who lived during the 10th and 11th centuries. Al-Biruni made significant contributions to various fields, including astronomy, mathematics, geography, physics, history, and anthropology. His works were influential not only in the Islamic world but …

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