Bilal ibn Rabah: Slave Who give first Adhan

Bilal ibn Rabah, also known as Bilal al-Habashi, holds a significant place in Islamic history as the first muezzin of Islam. His story is marked by unwavering faith, resilience, and devotion to Prophet Muhammad and the religion of Islam.

Bilal’s journey began as a slave in Mecca, owned by Umayyah ibn Khalaf, a cruel idolater. Despite the hardships and torture he endured for his faith, Bilal remained steadfast in his belief in Allah and His Messenger. Eventually, he was freed by Abu Bakr , a close companion of the Prophet Muhammad, who paid a ransom for him.

Story of Adhan(azan)

The adhan, or call to prayer, holds a significant place in Islamic worship. It serves as a summons for Muslims to gather for prayer and a reminder of their spiritual duties. In the early days of Islam, the question arose as to who should be given the honor of calling the faithful to prayer.

The word adhan comes from the Arabic root word ʾadhina, which means “to listen, to hear, to be informed about”. The adhan is a summons to prayer.

According to Sunni tradition, the adhan was not directly composed or spoken by Prophet Muhammad himself. Instead, it is believed that Abdullah ibn Zayd, one of the Prophet’s companions (Sahabah), received a divine vision or inspiration in his dream, where the call to prayer was revealed to him by God.

This divine revelation to Abdullah ibn Zayd underscores the spiritual significance of the adhan and its connection to divine guidance. It suggests that the formulation of the adhan was a special revelation granted to him, and he then conveyed it to the Muslim community.

Adhan in Kaaba

Following the conquest of Mecca in 630 AD, the Prophet Muhammad entered the city peacefully and forgave most of his former enemies, including Umayyah ibn Khalaf. It was during this momentous occasion that Bilal was bestowed with the honor of ascending the Kaaba, the sacred house of Allah, to call the adhan for the first time in Mecca. His voice echoed through the city, proclaiming the victory of Islam and the glory of Allah. The power and beauty of his call moved many hearts, resulting in some embracing Islam and others feeling remorse for their past mistreatment of Bilal and fellow Muslims.

After the passing of Prophet Muhammad in 632, Bilal experienced immense grief and decided to leave Medina, seeking solace elsewhere. He joined the Muslim armies fighting in Syria and Palestine, distancing himself from the place that constantly reminded him of his beloved Prophet.

Bilal ibn Rabah last two Adhan’s

Despite this, Bilal only called the adhan twice after the Prophet’s death. One instance occurred when he visited Medina and was requested by Hassan and Hussain the grandsons of the Prophet, to call the adhan for them, evoking memories of their esteemed grandfather. The people of Medina, hearing Bilal’s voice, rushed to the mosque, believing that the Prophet had returned. They were deeply moved upon realizing it was Bilal.

The second occasion took place in Jerusalem when Bilal encountered Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second caliph of Islam. Umar asked Bilal to perform the adhan from Masjid al-Aqsa, the third holiest mosque in Islam. Initially hesitant, Bilal complied out of respect for Umar. Standing atop the mosque, he called the adhan with his melodious voice, filling the hearts of the Muslims present with joy and nostalgia, reminiscent of their beloved Prophet and his teachings.

Also read- Bilal Ibn Rabah: The First Muezzin Islam

Tomb in Damascus

Bilal passed away in 640 at the age of around 60 and was laid to rest in Damascus, Syria. His legacy as a hero of Islam and an inspirational figure endures, reminding Muslims of the importance of faith, perseverance, and devotion to Allah and His Messenger. The story of Bilal ibn Rabah serves as a testament to the strength of the human spirit and the profound impact one person can have on the spread and preservation of Islam.